Visiting the UOM (University of Mauritius) was so exciting because from the outside you can see it’s really big, bigger than the University of Seychelles and the inside it was just amazing.
I have really learned a lot at the UOM more then what I expected. What they mostly talked about was aquaculture.
But what is aquaculture there are many definition to it but all are the same meaning, so aquaculture is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae and other aquatic organisms, there are many questions we ask ourselves sometimes related to the aquaculture and one is why is aquaculture important? So why is it? Well that is very simple aquaculture is used for producing seafood for human consumption; enhancing wild fish, shellfish and plant harvest; restoring threatened and endangered aquatic species; rebuilding ecologically important shellfish habitat; producing nutritional and industrial compounds and producing fish for aquariums.
Before we go on the aquaculture topic I’ll just give a brief introduction on the UOM. The University Of Mauritius was officially established by the university of Mauritius ordinance in December 1965, incorporating the existing school of agriculture. In 1971, the university of Mauritius act further defined the objects, powers, functions and structure of the university. On 24th March 1972, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II accompanied by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, inaugurated the University of Mauritius.
CHARACTERISTICS OF AQUACULTURE AND IT’S PRESENT STATUS.
Despite the fact that fish culture is an age-old practice in some regions of the world, it is relatively new as a significant industry in most countries.
Aquaculture is considered to be a labour-intensive, but a high-risk bio-industry. An important characteristic feature of aquaculture is that, depending on its intensification, it can be organised as systems which may be termed as:
a) Extensive:-Adoption of traditional techniques of aquaculture e.g. dependence on natural productivity and little control over the stocks.
b) Intensive:-Adoption of full complement of culture techniques including scientific pond design, fertilization, supplemental feeding or only feeding without fertilization; full measure of stock manipulation, disease control, scientific harvesting, high level inputs and high rate of production.
c) Semi-intensive:-Adoption of mid-level technology, partial dependence on natural productivity, fertilization, supplementary feeding, with stock manipulation, medium level inputs and medium rate of production.
Another characteristic of aquaculture is that it can be organised on the basis of:
Small scale rural aquaculture (even as one-family-unit).
Large-scale vertically integrated aquaculture (VIA) which is defined as a centrally managed comprehensive system such that all components from input of energy to final level of produce in the market are coordinated and kept in harmony.
Aquaculture is estimated to contribute 10.21 million tons in fish production in 1983.
DIFFERENT KIND OF AQUACULRURE